Sudan Discussion is CPA Only, Darfur Forgotten, Trip in Jeopardy,
Rice on Ice
September 15 -- On Darfur,
less than two weeks after the UN
delayed two days in going to the Tabarat Market where over 50 people
were killed, the issue seems to have been dropped by the UN Security
Council and its most prominent members.
On September 15
the Council has scheduled consultation “on Sudan,” and will
receive a closed door briefing from top UN Peacekeeper Alain Le Roy.
Inner City Press has asked two Permanent Five
another Council member spokesman, and each has said the only Sudan
topics to be considered are North - South, the Comprehensive Peace
Agreement and the referendum.
message to the Sudanese government, and to the UN Department of
Peacekeeping Operations, is that the protection of civilians in
Darfur is not that important, at least for now.
Even the Security
Council's long announced trip to Sudan is in doubt. One of the lead
countries told the Press on September 15 that nothing has been agreed
with the Sudanese government. The Council's desire is to go to
Kampala (led by Uganda), South Sudan (led by the US), Darfur (led by
the UK) and then Khartoum (jointly led by the US and UK).
But there has been
no agreement that president Bashir would meet with the Council.
Therefore the trip, projected for as early as the first week of
October, is in jeopardy.
While the US had
made much of President Obama's plan to attend a UN “high level”
meeting on Sudan on September 24, Inner City Press is told that only
a weak consensus statement is expect from the meeting, which will
include Khartoum-based vice president Taha as well as Salva Kiir from
Likewise only a
weak Presidential Statement encouraging the North - South referendum
scheduled for January 9, 2011, is expected after the September 15
consultations. This is the first of the Council's monthly meetings on
the referendum, and Darfur is not slated to be mentioned, much less
Inner City Press
asked, or tried to ask, US Permanent Representative Susan Rice if
Darfur would be discussed at Wednesday's consultations as a US
Mission to the UN media reception held on Tuesday night. Ambassador
Rice first said that both South Sudan and Darfur would be discussed,
then said only North - South and walked past. Asked later about
Sudanese restrictions on UNAMID's movement in Darfur she said
Susan Rice, here re Iran, answers on Darfur not shown
told Inner City Press that perhaps the lack of response by the
peacekeepers is due to restrictions imposed by the country that
contributed them, and not by the UN. But how then can UNAMID -- or
MONUSCO in the Congo -- be said to protect civilians? Watch this
Rice was asked, by a journalistic fellow at the UN, is she
is related to Condoleezza Rice. She said no, to her credit gently, and
joked about height with other correspondents.
CNN was allowed to film outside and inside the reception; hence this
report on what Inner City Press told them should be called “Rice on
Ice.” To be continued.
* * *
UN Won't Provide Malnutrition Data, Protection Details, JEM Requests
September 14 -- On Darfur, the UN refuses to say if it has
moved to change its practice of
waiting for government approval
before even trying to protect civilians, and the UN Mission UNAMID
refuses to answer Press questions.
City Press on September 14
asked Secretary General Ban Ki-moon's spokesman Martin Nesirky if Ban
supports the re-entry of Justice and Equality Movement leader Khalil
Ibrahim into Darfur from Libya, and if the UN has asked for
permission to so transport Ibrahim. Video
here, from Minute 13:30.
I'll get back to
you, Nesirky answered. But UNAMID's spokesman Chris Cycmanick back on
August 11 wrote to Inner City Press that
limited amount of malnutrition data for Darfur has been verified,
which will be available in the next 1-2 days. Remaining data is still
in the process of verification and will be released once verification
Since then, no
information has been provided, and Inner City Press' questions, about
UN inaction on the killings in the Tabarat Market, have not been
answered by UNAMID. Inner City Press on September 14 asked Nesirky.
to not want to answer himself, said that asking UNAMID directly
sounded like “not a bad idea.” But UNAMID won't answer. Nesirky
said he'd find out.
On September 9,
Inner City Press asked Ban
about UNAMID's failure to protect
civilians in the Tarabat Market. Ban replied that he had summoned
UNAMID chief Ibrahim Gambari to his retreat in Austria. But what
UN's Ban and Bassole, JEM and protection of civilians not shown
Is there an UN response to JEM's request that
Gambari resign for failure to protect civilians? Nesirky said he would
check, presumably on both.. We will be here.
Mr. Ban held a press conference on September 13, but Inner City
Press was not granted permission to ask a question, and no questions
were asked about Sudan, despite Ban's claims about the UN's work
there in his opening remarks. We will continue to follow these
* * *
Ban Admits Limits on Peacekeepers, Gambari Summoned, Change Pledged
Matthew Russell Lee, Exclusive
9 -- In Darfur a week ago, UN Peacekeepers refused
a request by the relatives of those killed and injured by janjaweed
in the Tabarat Market to go to the location and try to protect those
City Press obtained
published an internal document
of the joint UN-African Union Mission in Darfur, UNAMID, which said
that approval had to be sought before the peacekeepers could go even
to a site where injured people were dying.
General Ban Ki-moon held a brief media availability on September 9,
and Inner City Press asked him about the Tarabat Market killings, the
restrictions on movement on UNAMID, and the failure of the other UN
Mission in Sudan, UNMIS, to view the body of killed Darfuri student
Mohamed Musa when they were told of his death on February 12 of this
acknowledged problems in obtaining the “support” of the Sudanese
government, and said that he summoned UNAMID chief Ibrahim Gambari to
his recent retreat in Austria to discuss these and other problems. The
Justice and Equality Movement rebels in Darfur have demanded
Gambari's resignation for failure to protect civilians.
was surprising to some, to characterize the UN's decision to await
approvals before endeavoring to protect civilians as a problem of
“administrative support” from the Sudanese authorities misses the
dollars are being spent on each mission, UNAMID and
UNMIS. They have armed peacekeepers, armored personnel carriers, and
helicopters which they have allowed Sudan to block them from using.
violate the status of forces agreements the UN has with
Sudan, it is unclear why the UN -- or mission chiefs Gambari and
Haile Menkerios -- accept the restrictions.
went to the
inauguration of Omar Al Bashir, indicted by the International
Criminal Court for war crimes and genocide. Menkerios, the UN has
admitted to Inner City Press, simply wants to return to New York in a
year's time. He rarely speaks to the press in Sudan. He doesn't want
to rock the boat.
transcript of Inner City Press' questions and Mr. Ban's responses,
It turns out that, despite the protection of civilians
mandate of UNAMID, that in several recent instances, peacekeepers
have been telling relatives of victims that they need to get approval
before they can leave their bases to go out. Most recently it was at
the Tabarat market in Jebel Marra. They told them that they had to
get approval before they could go. By the time they went, some people
who had been injured were in fact dead. So what I am wondering is,
what is the policy of the UN in terms of seeking approval from the
Government? There is also a case in Khartoum in which a dead Darfuri
student that was allegedly tortured, UNMIS (UN Mission in Sudan) was
unable to get access to his body until it was too late. So, what is
the policy of the UN in terms of its freedom of movement to protect
civilians in Sudan?
In some cases it is true that there was some difficulty
in getting smooth administrative support from the Government of
Sudan. That has been the subject of continuous consultation with the
Sudanese Government. During my visit to Austria last week I called in
Mr. [Ibrahim] Gambari to Vienna, and I got a briefing on the
situation and how we can ensure a smoother and more effective
coordination and support from the Sudanese Government. We are aware
of such problems and we will continue to improve the situation.
Does it violate the Status of Forces Agreement, that the
UN hasn’t been to parts of Jebel Marra since February? That is what
John Holmes said before he left, that there are whole regions of
Darfur they haven’t been able to reach.
There is a Status of [Forces] Agreement, of course. They
should be faithful to provide the necessary support and cooperation. In
reality, when we are not able to get such support, it really
constrains the movement of our people and peacekeepers. We will do
our best to improve this situation.
UN's Ban and Bashir shake hands, protection of civilians not shown
document obtained by Inner City Press:
about 1800hrs on 02 Sep 2010, UNAMID Police Advisors received
unconfirmed information from locals in Tawilla IDP camp that
unidentified armed men attacked Tabarat Market near Maral village
about 28kms southwest of Tawilla, where about 30 people were killed
and more than 70 others were injured.
information was received by the PF Force Commander Major Aimable
Rukondo from relatives of victims in Tawilla IDP camp. At about
2030hrs, people from the Tawilla IDP camp gathered near the gate of
Tawilla UNAMID Base requesting for assistance to evacuate their
relatives who were in Tabarat market. The PF Commander together with
the Acting Team Site Commander advised the relatives that prior
approval from El Fasher Headquarters is needed before proceeding to
the place and with that they were advised to be back to Tawilla Base
tomorrow morning for possible medical evacuation movement to Tabarat
market once it has been approved by the higher Headquarters.”
transcript of its September 7 noon briefing; the September 8 is
There’s also, and I’m sure African Union-United
Nations Hybrid Operation in Darfur (UNAMID) is aware of this, reports
that UNAMID said they confirmed some of, of up to 37 people killed in
a village, in a market — Tabarat Market near the town of Tawilla —
that said that the United Nations peacekeepers were told of the
attack and said that they could not go to pick up even the wounded
until they got approval from Al-Fasher. What I want to know is
whether, how long it took them to respond and whether this approval
included approval from the Government in Khartoum and if so, whether
if any of the people expired there of their injuries might have been
saved had the United Nations actually gone to protect civilians?
first of all, this process of approval is a standard
procedural process. But in terms of the details, on 4 September a
UNAMID patrol gained access to the Tabarat area. It observed that
Tabarat was practically deserted and reported the presence of
Government police in the area. Today, 7 September, a UNAMID mission
travelled to Tawilla to further assess the impact of the violence.
UNAMID has made efforts to assist in evacuating some of the injured
victims by air to Al-Fasher. In terms of our estimated casualties,
the Tabarat incident left more that 50 people dead and a large number
Tawilla, to my understanding there’s a Peacekeeping
unit there… that there are peacekeepers stationed there. Is that
true? So did UNAMID sort of buttress its presence there and why
weren’t those people able to go after they were told by relatives
of those injured that this attack had taken place in the market?
think I have some further details for you for afterwards, but
basically in terms of the ability to gain access, as soon as we
gained access, that was on the 4 September, a UNAMID patrol did go
into the area. The difficulty is in dealing with access to areas on
Just one last… that means that… somebody there gave
me a copy of a United Nations document showing that the relatives of
the deceased or the injured had approached the UN peacekeepers of
Tawilla and were told “we can’t go there tonight. We have to
come back tomorrow because we need approval from Al-Fasher.” And
I’m just wondering, how does the approval process work? Is it as
simple as calling UNAMID in Al-Fashir and they say yes you can go
out, or does it involve reaching the Government if their offices are
closed or not and how does it…
varies from case to case, but ultimately it depends on dealing
with authority on the ground to make sure that approval is in place
for our deployment.