UN Confined to Bases in Kordofan, No Answers on Future in
July 11 -- Amid celebrations
of South Sudan's independence,
questions have arisen about the UN's future in the North, in Darfur
and the zones of conflict in Southern Kordofan and Blue Nile states.
adopted Monday by the Security Council says the UN peacekeepers have
to be entirely out of North Sudan, except Darfur, by the end of
they will be confined to their bases until then, even as top UN
humanitarian official Valerie Amos told Inner City Press that
questions have yet to be answered about the fate of civilians removed
from outside the UN base in Kadugli and returned to their villages.
Secretary General Ban Ki-moon's spokesman Martin Nesirky what
the peacekeepers will be doing:
City Press: on this South Kordofan — I understand the
Secretary-General raised it when he was traveling there — I just
wanted to know, what’s the current, sort of, freedom of movement of
the peacekeepers in South Kordofan? There is some footage existing
of them saying that they are not to leave their base until their
status is somehow either agreed on or formalized. Are they
conducting patrols? Is it their understanding they are supposed to
stay in the base until they either leave or authorized to go out?
What’s their current mandate and movement?
Nesirky: Well, as you know, the mandate expired and has not been
renewed or extended, at this point, at least. And that does
obviously have implications for the movement of peacekeepers and
therefore the freedom of access for humanitarian workers that Ms.
Amos just addressed a moment ago. I’d need to check with our
colleagues in Peacekeeping Operations precisely what is happening
with the peacekeepers at the moment. But clearly, if a mandate has
expired, you move into a different phase.
City Press: There is a resolution that is going to be adopted, that
is slated to be adopted, that is called a wind down, but it’s
unclear whether under that even without the consent... If North Sudan
doesn’t consent, what presence--
Spokesperson: That’s precisely why I say we’re moving into a
different phase. And I think that that remains to be clarified. What
unchanged is our concern about our ability to provide the protection
that’s needed for humanitarian workers to go about their work.
the UN is
“concerned,” but can't do anything about it. And so it downplays
its inaction -- for example, the UN's write up of Valerie Amos' press
conference, at which Inner City Press asked her about humanitarian
access in Southern Kordofan, has no mention of that exchange, click
strategy seems to be
to answer few or no questions. Inner City Press asked
asked basic questions
about Darfur, including whether the UN would be appointing a
replacement to Darfur mediator Djibril Bassole. Nesirky said he
didn't know but would check.
Kiir & Bashir in Juba, future in Kordofan and Darfur not shown
hours later he had provided no
City Press: elsewhere in Sudan, Darfur, the Abdul Wahid Nur faction
of SLA [Sudan Liberation Army] has said that it should… you know,
it’s called for a uniting of all remaining rebels in Sudan to
overthrow an Islamist State, and I just wonder what is the
understanding of UNAMID [African Union-United Nations Hybrid
Operation in Darfur], given this large peacekeeping mission, of the
impact of the breakaway of the South on its mandate in Darfur, and is
there going to be a replacement to Mr. [Djibril] Bassolé as a
of joint UN-AU mediator on the Darfur topic or is that mediation
Nesirky: I would need to check on any replacement for Mr.
Bassolé. And as for the mission and mandate of UNAMID — the
Union mission in Darfur — that remains unchanged. That is mandated
by the Security Council. That hasn’t changed.
much has changed.
South Sudan is on track to be voted into UN membership by the
Security Council on July 13 and the General Assembly on July 14 and
have its flag raised. Bashir is ordering peacekeepers to leave
Southern Kordofan and Blue Nile, and is preparing to crack down in
Darfur. The UN is spending $1 billion a year for a force in Darfur,
but what will they do? Watch this site.
* * *
Wrap-Up Draft Eyes End of August, Kordofan Offer
July 11, updated -- On
Friday, the eve of South Sudan's independence,
the UN Security Council met at 5 pm to consider a draft
“liquidating” the old UN Mission in Sudan, UNMIS, after having
formed a new UNMISS only south of the border.
sources told Inner City Press that this wind-down resolution might
allow for the retention of some UN peacekeeping presence in conflict
plagued Southern Kordofan and Blue Nile, at least during the wrap up
for Russia and China to get instructions, several sources told Inner
City Press on Friday evening, saying it might be adopted on Saturday
at 11 am. But at that time, the Security Council was closed, and
there was no announcement over the weekend.
a Western spokesperson told the Press that the draft would set the
end of August as the deadline, and that the draft mostly reiterates
what is in the Status of Forces Agreement, or SOFA.
a source on
the Northern side told Inner City Press there is “an issue with
Paragraph six,” in which the
Council would express its willingness to
stay in Southern Kordofan and Blue Nile.
Bashir and Kiir on July 9, 2011, liquidation reso not shown
talking,” the source said, “and some don't want the Council to
say anything about it at this time.”
are being dropped on the Nuba people.
11:28 am -- look like the fix is in. China rep tells Inner City
Press have agreed to language about the UN being ready to provide
assistance “upon the consent” of the parties. Should be adopted
after the morning's Libya briefing by Al-Khatib.
11:44 am - the draft in blue says the Council “expresses its
readiness to continue current UN operations in these states, with the
consent of the parties, until those new security arrangements have
* * *
this site -- and this, Inner
City Press July 7 debate on BloggingHeads.tv about Sudan
* * *
UN Role on Borders of Blue Nile & Kordofan
Unclear, Troop Numbers Game
updated -- With the countdown to South Sudan's formal
declaration of independence on July 9 begun, at the UN in New York on
Wednesday negotiations on the resolution for
a new peacekeeping
mission went into overtime.
Representative emerged from the Security Council chamber and told
Inner City Press that while the size of the mission will be
reconsidered after three or six months, a sticking point is whether
and how the disputed borders in South Kordofan and Blue Nile states
will be monitored.
“If the North
does not agree,” the DPR told Inner City Press, “there can't be
any UN peacekeepers there.”
Ethiopian troops in Abyei, but has stepped away from a deal
about South Kordofan. When Inner City Press asked the UN earlier on
Wednesday to confirm troops build ups in South Kordofan, the response
was a reiteration of Secretary General Ban Ki-moon's call for freedom
of movement. Does that mean the UN doesn't have freedom of movement?
Yes, was the answer. Video here,
UN in New York on July 5 were then e-mailed to UNMIS in Sudan,
but have yet to be answered. A delegation from the Department of
Peacekeeping Operations came out of the Security Council at 5 pm on
Wednesday. Referring to the number of troops proposed, Inner City
Press asked, “Seven thousand?” A UN military official laughed; a
civilian official said “DPKO has no comment.”
[See update below:
UK says between six and seven thousand.]
the numbers, a
Permanent Representative inside the negotiations told Inner City
Press that DPKO while asking for 7000 also refers to a 5400 figure.
We'll have more on this.
was finished, the Obama administration announced its
delegation to Juba, including Susan Rice, Colin Powell, Brooke
Lyman, Donald Steinberg, Africom's
Carter F. Ham, and Johnnie Carson. “Johnny Carson?” a US
official asked. Not that Johnny Carson...
-- among Western P-5 Permanent Representative, the UK's
Mark Lyall Grant emerged and told Inner City Press, somewhere between
six and seven thousand. France's Gerard Araud said nothing. And
Susan Rice of the US... is still inside the Council, if the presence
of USUN body guards is any guide.
pm -- the problem of adopting the resolution on Friday has
apparently been solved: the resolution will say that the mission is
created "upon" independence, and will be voted on Friday. The last of
the diplomats have left.
11 BloggingHeads.tv re Sudan, Libya, Syria, flotilla
for Mar 1, '11
BloggingHeads.tv re Libya, Sri Lanka, UN Corruption
Click here for Inner City
Press' March 27 UN debate
Click here for Inner City
Press March 12 UN (and AIG
Click here for Inner City
Press' Feb 26 UN debate
Click here for Inner City Press' Jan.
16, 2009 debate about Gaza
Click here for Inner City Press'
review-of-2008 UN Top Ten debate
Click here for Inner
City Press' December 24 debate on UN budget, Niger
Click here from Inner City Press'
December 12 debate on UN double standards
Click here for Inner
City Press' November 25 debate on Somalia, politics
and this October 17 debate, on
Security Council and Obama and the UN.
* * *
usually also available through Google
News and on Lexis-Nexis.
for a Reuters
AlertNet piece by this correspondent
about Uganda's Lord's Resistance Army. Click
for an earlier Reuters AlertNet piece about the Somali
Reconciliation Congress, and the UN's $200,000 contribution from an
undefined trust fund. Video
some are available
in the ProQuest service, and now on Lexis-Nexis.