Abyei, Ban Won't Disclose Rights Plan
Until After July 9, Bashir Will Be There: Handshakes or Handcuffs?
June 27 -- After a fight in
the Security Council about
including a human rights monitoring unit in the upcoming Ethiopian
force in Abyei, the Council on Monday adopted a resolution that
merely “requests the Secretary-General to ensure that effective
human right monitoring is carried out.” But how?
asked UK Deputy Permanent Representative Philip Parham how human
rights will be monitored by the Ethiopian force itself, if there is
no civilian component. As transcribed by the UK Mission, Parham
replied that “the Security Council resolution mandating UNISFA, as
you have seen, requires the Secretary General to ensure human rights
monitoring, and that is what he will do, by whatever are the best
asked about the lack of any civilian component; Parham replied:
establishment of this mission has obviously happened at speed in
circumstances that are relatively unusual and it will be for the
Secretary General to work out what the best way to achieve what the
Security Council has asked it to do, which is to ensure that there is
effective monitoring of Human Rights.”
Secretary General Ban Ki-moon to work it out, then Ban's
spokesperson's office should have some answers, or at least
Inner City Press asked Ban's deputy
spokesman Farhan Haq about what Parham had said, and asked for
example if the monitoring will be done out of the UNMIS mission in
South Sudan, Haq not only didn't answer: he said no answer will be
provided until Ban submits his required reports to the Security
Council. Ah, transparency.
Ban & Bashir, right monitoring plan not shown:
shaking on July 9?
Representative Daffa-Alla Elhag Ali Osman also came to take Press
questions. Inner City Press asked him about the UN staff arrested in
South Kordofan. He replied that they are only “in custody,” for
their own protection.
asked his if President Omar al Bashir, indicted for genocide and war
crimes in Darfur by the International Criminal Court, will be present
at South Sudan's independence declaration on July 9 in Juba.
Daffa-Alla Elhag Ali Osman answers, as to Bashir, “He will be
under the ICC's Rome Statute, what will other attendees do? Watch
* * *
on Abyei Force, Deal Struck Friday Night, Monday Vote Predicted
Russell Lee, Exclusive
June 24 -- With Abyei still smoking and South Kordofan in
Security Council members met past 8 pm on Friday to hammer
out a final draft resolution.
The text, subject to a silence procedure on
Saturday and “going blue” on Sunday, should be adopted on Monday,
numerous Council members told Inner City Press at the otherwise empty
the UK and
France had questioned if 4000 troops would be needed. The UN
Department for Peacekeeping Operations gave a briefing, mentioning
NATO's 45,000 troops in Kosovo. Manhattan's 10,000 police officers
were also mentioned. That concern dropped away.
both East and West said human rights concerns were raised, most
notably by Germany, which was quoted by the other delegations as
arguing that to not include rights monitors would be a bad precedent.
Others pointed to the terms of the Addis Ababa agreement between
North and South Sudan.
Council Friday night, two non-Western delegations told Inner City
Press that the agreed text, with a few “bracketed items,”
followed the Addis agreement in all important ways. There was an air
of collaboration, that this was important and should be passed.
A more cynical or realistic view is that
when both the US and China want stability in a place, for economic
reasons, the others fall into place.
When the US & China want stability, it's agreed, rights not shown
a sense the
Council's credibility is on the line. They embraced the Addis
agreement, when Thabo Mbeki presented it to them on Monday. How
could they then modify it so much as to give Khartoum the opportunity
to renege and not remove its troops?
procedure on Saturday, in blue on Sunday and a vote on Monday,” a
member told Inner City Press. We'll see.
* * *
As France & UK Ask Why Fewer Troops Not OK, Others Says Just Stick
to Addis Deal
June 24, updated -- After the UN Security Council received a briefing
about the Abyei peacekeeping force of Ethiopian troops agreed to by
Khartoum and Juba, there were splits in the Council about what
mandate the force should have and how large it should be.
sources told Inner City Press that France and the UK questioned
whether the more than 4000 troops agreed to by the parties in Addis
Ababa are in fact needed. Another delegation marveled that on
wanting the more than 4000, China, the US and India were all on the
Russia can be added. They'd “like to save money” as much as the
next delegation, they say, but “Babacar Gaye,” the UN's military
chief, explained why over 4000 are needed, to defend themselves.
to argue that to stick to the Addis agreement, and have no human
rights monitoring component to the mission, would be a step backward,
a bad precedent. But as Gaye, the Russians and others argue, if is
wasn't in the Addis agreement it shouldn't be imposed.
add more, they
say, could be an invitation for Khartoum to refuse to withdraw its
troops from Abyei.
UN's Gaye in Cote d'Ivoire, role in Abyei not yet seen
those who urge going beyond the Addis agreement, we publish this from
a self-described “Security Council diplomat” --
number of delegations have a lot of questions. Of course, those
delegations want the Ethiopians in, and expeditiously. We need them
there. We want them to have a robust posture. And we don't want to
undermine the Addis agreement. But as proposed, its a purely military
and not an integrated mission, so we need at minimum to ask some
questions about how humanitarian and human rights issues, or links
with policing in Abyei, or what the civilian component of UNISFA
would do, could be addressed in a co-ordinated, if not integrated,
way. These elements aren't necessarily inconsistent with what was
agreed at Addis, and that's what we are trying to explore.”
favors simply adopting what was agreed at Addis said, if they delay
or make additions, the violence will be on them. Call it
brinksmanship. Watch this site.
Update of 6:40 pm --
while some are speaking of a Saturday session and even vote on the
Abyei resolution, a knowledgeable P-5 source predicted to Inner City
Press that it "needs to go back to capitals" and "they don't work on
weekends, so Monday." We'll see.
Update of 7:10 pm --
a non-Western Council member tells Inner City Press the idea is to
leave human rights only in the perambular paragraphs, while tying the
operative ("thou shalt") paragraphs directly to the Addis agreement. In
consultations, DPKO defended the 4000 soldier figure (against those
asking why not reduce to 3000) by pointing to Kosovo with 40,000
troops; the number of police in Manhattan was also brought up, host
Update of 7:45 pm --
another non-Western political coordinator ups the ante, telling Inner
City Press of 45,000 NATO troops in Kosovo, 10,000 police in Manhattan.
Says they're onto operative paragraphs now, also predicts vote on
* * *
updated -- The UN
has for a second time offered a free UN
flight in Sudan to Ahmed Haroun, under indictment by the
International Criminal Court for war crimes in Darfur, the UN
admitted Friday in response to questions from Inner City Press.
March 3 the UN
Security Council met about renewed fighting in the disputed Abyei
region. Back in January, Inner City Press got the UN to acknowledge
they had flown ICC indictee Haroun from South Kordofan, where he
serves fellow ICC indictee Omar al Bashir as governor, to Abyei.
UN has defended
this controversial flight by saying that Haroun and Haroun alone
could stop violence in Abyei. The UN never explained why the
government of Sudan, which has an air force currently bombing civilians
in Jebel Marra in Darfur, couldn't itself fly Haroun.
UN said it was
a scheduled flight, then UN Mission in Sudan chief Haile Menkerios
Inner City Press that it was a special flight. Inner City Press is
told such flights cost $40,000, and the UN has confirm no
reimbursement has been sought from the Bashir government.
violence has continued, making the UN flight of ICC indictee Haroun
harder to justify even by the UN's own argument.
March Li Baodong of China if the UN Peacekeeping official who briefed
the Council, Atul Khare, had mentioned if Haroun would again be flown
in a UN helicopter. Li Baodong did not directly answer.
the March 4 UN
noon briefing, Inner City Press asked Secretary General Ban Ki-moon's
spokesman Martin Nesirky to confirm or deny that that the UN would
once again fly ICC indictee Haroun to Abyei, even now that his work in
connection with the first flight has proved ineffective.
speaker to all UN correspondents that yes, Haroun attended today's
meeting in Abyei, and yes, “he was transported” by the UN.
war crimes by
the ICC. Meanwhile Ban Ki-moon brags about the Security Council's partial
referral of the situation in Libya to the ICC -- a referral that Ban
Ki-moon did not even call for until after the Council voted to make
of 3:48 pm -- Human Rights Watch, via Richard Dicker, submitted
is the second time in recent weeks the UN has transported Ahmed
Haroun who is charged by the ICC with war crimes in Darfur. We have
real concerns because the U.N. should not be in the business of
transporting Haroun. There needs to be an extremely high threshold of
urgency for such action by UNMIS.”
UK and the US,
with the latter two asked if they knew in advance of the UN's new
flight of ICC indictee Haroun. Given her
media, & after hours of non-response by the US Mission
to the UN,@AmbassadorRice
has been asked directly as well. Watch
spokesperson, I would only reiterate the message that my two
Ambassadors have both said on the record (and published by Inner City
Press) first time around: that we aren’t going to second guess how
UNMIS fulfills its mandate to provide good offices to the
Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) parties in efforts to resolve
differences through dialogue and negotiations. I’d only add that
this work is particularly important at this sensitive time, to
contain any potential escalation after the recent Abyei violence.”
again that violence has persisted despite the UN flying ICC indictee
Ahmed Haroun in the first time, and that it is the role of UN member
states to oversee the UN Secretariat, not to defer in this case to
what some see as its promotion of impunity - but at least the UK
would put its position on the record.
Subject: Haroun and Abyei
To: Matthew.Lee [at]
to be unaware of who is causing the violence in Abyei.
And yet "diplomatic sources" report seeing the burial of 33
bodies - all southerners.
used a similar ploy to invade Poland) - and today thousands
of civilians fled Abyei fearing another crisis like in June 2008. The
Dinka Ngok villages north of Abyei, such as Maker, have been
burnt to the ground. The end explains the means. There is a
creeping ethnic cleansing going on in the Abyei region despite the
agreements of 2005 and the Court of Arbitration ruling in 2010.
you correctly point
out, that of arming arab militias to burn villages. I hope to see
more of your questions pinning the UN to the responsibility to
for Mar 1, '11
BloggingHeads.tv re Libya, Sri Lanka, UN Corruption
Click here for Inner City
Press' March 27 UN debate
Click here for Inner City
Press March 12 UN (and AIG
Click here for Inner City
Press' Feb 26 UN debate
Click here for Inner City Press' Jan.
16, 2009 debate about Gaza
Click here for Inner City Press'
review-of-2008 UN Top Ten debate
Click here for Inner
City Press' December 24 debate on UN budget, Niger
Click here from Inner City Press'
December 12 debate on UN double standards
Click here for Inner
City Press' November 25 debate on Somalia, politics
and this October 17 debate, on
Security Council and Obama and the UN.
* * *
usually also available through Google
News and on Lexis-Nexis.
for a Reuters
AlertNet piece by this correspondent
about Uganda's Lord's Resistance Army. Click
for an earlier Reuters AlertNet piece about the Somali
Reconciliation Congress, and the UN's $200,000 contribution from an
undefined trust fund. Video
some are available
in the ProQuest service, and now on Lexis-Nexis.