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March 1, 2011: Libya

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In Libya, UN Wants to Train Police, Confers with EU, Martin May Have 2 Rivals

By Matthew Russell Lee

UNITED NATIONS, September 9 -- UN adviser on "post conflict" Libya Ian Martin briefed the Security Council on Friday and then took questions from the Press.

Inner City Press asked Martin if he wants to become the Special Representative for Libya, if that requires the National Transitional Council's consent, and what has happened to UN mediator Al Khatib.

Of those three questions, Martin's only answer was that it is up the the Secretary General, Ban Ki-moon. A well placed Council source told Inner City Press that while "the "Brit" Martin is the front runner, another UN official from the UK, Michael Williams, might also be considered, as well as Oscar Fernandez Taranco. Al Khatib, the source said, is entirely out of the picture.

  Inner City Press asked Martin if the training of police he described would be done by member states, or regional groups, or UN staff themselves.

  Martin said the UN is meeting with "actors" interested in training police in Libya. After the stakeout Inner City Press asked him if these actors included member states. Yes, Martin said, and the European Union. Inner City Press asked, "The Finns?" He said yes.

  Martin and Lynn Pascoe briefed the Security Council on a three month mission plan by Secretary General Ban Ki-moon which the UN withheld for 14 hours after Inner City Press published it on Thursday night.

  At Friday's noon briefing, another correspondent asked why the UN had not released, since it was already on The Deputy Spokesman said he didn't know; twenty minutes later, the UN belatedly put it online. Thus is transparency at the UN.

Khatib, Ban & Martin on Aug 26, Khatib now MIA, Martin has 2 rivals?

  The next step will be circulation as early as Monday of a resolution being drafted by the UK, about the mission and about removing some sanctions. Libya Sanctions Committee chairman Cabral told Inner City Press that travel bans on individuals would remain, and that some institutions are not yet under the full control of the NTC. UK Permanent Representative Lyall Grant said it will be important in revising sanctions to make sure all money goes to the Libyan people.

A European spokesman afterward said that the mandate of NATO will not be impacted, it has no sunset. Watch this site.

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At UN on Libya, Ban Ki-moon Letter Asks for 3 Month UNSMIL Mission, Martin Said to Head, NATO Unmentioned

By Matthew Russell Lee, Exclusive

UNITED NATIONS, September 8 -- Scaling back the UN's initial plans for 200 military observers in Libya, Secretary General Ban Ki-moon to the Security Council has proposed a three month UN Support Mission to Libya (UNSMIL) in a letter obtained by Inner City Press and put online here.

Ban writes that UNSMIL will "be headed by a Special Representative and will have a Deputy Special Representative."

  Well-placed UN sources tell Inner City Press that with mediator Al Khatib frozen out -- not even mentioned in the letter -- Ian Martin is slated to be the SRSG, with or without Libyan approval.

  The Deputy SRSG, the sources have told Inner City Press, would be Finland's Georg Charpentier, accused by human rights groups of being far too close with Khartoum in Sudan.

 While much limited from Ian Martin's initial military plan, excluively obtained and published by Inner City Press, sources say the Transitional National Council is still dubious.

  Ban sets forth six mandates he wants the Security Council to approve, see here. These include:

(a) restore public security and order and promote the rule of law;

(b) undertake inclusive political dialogue, promote national reconciliation and embark on the constitution-making and electoral processes;

(c) extend state authority, including through the strengthening of emerging accountable institutions and the restoration of public services;

(d) protect human rights, particularly for vulnerable groups, and support transitional justice;

(e) take the immediate steps required to initiate economic recovery; and

(f) coordinate the support that may be requested from other multilateral or bilateral actors.

  Ironically, Ban's support for this endeavor comes from some countries which abstained on Resolution 1973, now on the theory that it is better for the UN to take the lead rather than NATO.

  Thursday in front of the Council, South Africa's Permanent Representative Baso Sangqu told Inner City Press, "we hope the NATO bombing stops." But NATO is not mentioned in Ban's letter, nor reportedly in the resolution that the UK was preparing even before Ban's letter.

  A wild card here is that in the UK the Conservative David Cameron government is not enamored of Ian Martin, who is decidedly to the Left, having run for political positions for Labor and being involved in the Fabian group.

  But Ban's political chief Lynn Pascoe, also slated to brief the Council at 11:30 am on Friday, has reportedly sought to appoint Martin and other Brits to top posts in an attempt to forestall a UK push for the top DPA post that he holds.

Sources say Pascoe has more to fear from Washington wanting a more Obama-aligned Under Secretary General. Watch this site.

Click for Mar 1, '11 re Libya, Sri Lanka, UN Corruption

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These reports are usually also available through Google News and on Lexis-Nexis.

Click here for a Reuters AlertNet piece by this correspondent about Uganda's Lord's Resistance Army. Click here for an earlier Reuters AlertNet piece about the Somali National Reconciliation Congress, and the UN's $200,000 contribution from an undefined trust fund.  Video Analysis here

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