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UN Peacekeeping Dreams On of Abyei, No Mention of Darfur or W. Sahara

By Matthew Russell Lee

UNITED NATIONS, October 18 -- Sudan, or at least part of Sudan, was the hot topic when top UN peacekeepers Alain Le Roy and Susana Malcorra met Monday afternoon with the Non-Aligned Movement Working Group on Peacekeeping.

  In the closed door meeting, Le Roy described contingency plans based on what happens with the South Sudan referendum. If South Sudan becomes independent -- by vote or unilaterally, it seems -- the UN plans to reconfigure in Juba and add “peacebuilding” to its work.

  While Le Roy said that the South Sudan and Abyei referendums should both be done on January 9, Abyei in particular seems off track for that deadline.

  If, as seems unlikely, unity is chosen, the UN will try to keep civil peace. Given the UN peacekeepers often stay in their base, in the Congo and in Darfur, while civilians are attacked, it is not clear what the UN would do in the case of war.

The sources were amazed at how little -- “nothing,” said one -- Le Roy and Malcorra spoke of the UN - African Union Mission in Darfur, UNAMID. “This is why Gambari is able to build his empire,” one of the sources marveled. “Even DPKO doesn't oversee him.”

Le Roy & Malcorra, Abyei referendum, Darfur & Gambari oversight not shown

  This silence on Darfur, even from UN Peacekeeping, takes place as violence escalates, with the village of Soro destroyed and fighting spreading throughout Jebel Marra.

Le Roy spoke about the upcoming election in Cote d'Ivoire, and said that the Mission in Timor Leste might soon end.

  While the Polisario Front said it was meeting with Le Roy at 12:15 on Monday, the topic of Western Sahara was another vast emptiness in the UN Peacekeeping briefings. Whatever happened to the protection of civilians? Watch this site.

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In Darfur, UN Works With Authorities on Kidnapping, Refuses Kalma Questions

By Matthew Russell Lee

UNITED NATIONS, October 18 -- While the UN Security Council and Press were in Darfur earlier his month, a civilian staff member of the UN - African Union Peacekeeping Mission in Darfur was kidnapped in El Fasher. UNAMID spokesman Kemal Saiki and his associate Christ Cycmanick refused to say the nationality of the victim, or much about the crime.

It emerged that the victim was Hungarian. Finally, giving the name Istvan Papp, the peacekeeper called local station Radio Dabanga and complained he had been unable to reach UNAMID.

Inner City Press on Monday asked UN acting Deputy Spokesman Farhan Haq to confirm this account on Radio Dabanga.

First, in terms of Radio Dabanga, I wouldn't confirm media accounts,” Haq said. He went on to in fact deny the account, saying that UNAMID has spoken to the victim and gotten proof of life, as recently as the day before.

Haq said UNAMID is working with the government of Sudan to obtain the victim's “safe and unconditional release.” This is reminiscent of UNAMID's earlier working with the government of Sudan to obtain the release of the Russian pilots captured and beaten by government supported janjawiid.

Inner City Press has repeatedly posed questions to Kemal Saiki and Chris Cycmanick, without receiving any response.

Istvan Papp, per media, UNAMID and answers not shown

 Questions UNAMID and the UN have refused so far to answer include

Approximately how many people are left in Kalma Camp? Separately, is it being relocated?

What is the status of the Kalma Camp Five? What happened to the sixth? Long ago I emailed [Ibrahim Gambari] the following, which I now ask you to answer:

1) since there were initially six suspects in the Kalma Camp and now there are five, what can you say about the sixth?

2) these five, are they in some sort of custody of or detention by UNAMID? What would prevent them from fleeing before UNAMID were to turn them over to the Sudanese authorities?

3) please say more about the situations in which UNAMID would await permission or word from Sudanese authorities before trying to protect civilians, including detailing how information about the safety of going to certain areas is sought from the authorities, on what time line, etc -- including what safeguards are in or being put in place to avoid the delay that occurred in response to Tarabat Market.

Also, how could Radio Dabanga speak with (and name) the Hungarian hostage, and you all haven't spoken with him?


"István Papp, a 55-year-old retired lieutenant colonel, also told the radio station that he suspects there is a local pyramid scheme behind his kidnapping, adding that several members of the ruling party may be involved. He said he has been unable to speak with the joint UN and African Union peacekeeping force that employs him since his abduction. "

---How long has UNAMID had a Lear Jet? Why did it get it? How was it procured? Who pays for it now? What other head of UN (affiliated) peacekeeping mission has a Lear Jet?

What do you say about, and what has been done about, reports that the IDPs with whom the Security Council spoke have been interrogated by Sudanese authorities? See, e.g.,

Please disclose all that you know about the reported (by OCHA) destruction of the village of Sora / Soro in the week before the Council's visit, including whether it was destroyed by aerial attack or ground.

From your August 11 responses, below, for now this one follow up:

7. Q: What data do the UN / UNAMID have on Global Acute Malnutrition? Why isn't it being collated and released publicly? Please provide your most recent data for the three Darfur states.

OCHA: A limited amount of malnutrition data for Darfur has been verified, which will be available in the next 1-2 days. Remaining data is still in the process of verification and will be released once verification is complete.

Fifty five days later, none of this information has been provided (contra "1-2 days"). Can the information now be provided, and an explanation of its delay also be provided?

[And later] please confirm that Kalma Camp is being closed, and how UNAMID can assure that the moves are 'voluntary.'

  Days and days have passed, since Inner City Press met and conversed with Kemal Saiki and Chris Cycmanick in UNAMID's El Fasher Supercamp, where Ibrahim Gambari's “went off” on Inner City Press for exposing his deals with the Al Bashir government. Now Kemal Saiki and Chris Cycmanick are ignored and not responded to Inner City Press' written questions for some days. Watch this site.

* * *

In Darfur, Gambari Criticizes Nur & Inner City Press on Video, Transcription Here

By Matthew Russell Lee

DARFUR, October 8 -- Peacekeepers were sent to Darfur after reports of a brutal campaign by the government of Omar al Bashir against opponents of his regime and civilians perceived as supporting them.

Now top peacekeeper Ibrahim Gambari, as shown by documents leaked to and published by Inner City Press, is near to turning over five supporters of rebel Abdel Wahid Nur to that same Bashir regime, in exchange for a promise by Bashir to commute any death sentence his courts impose.

Several members of the UN Security Council, which ostensibly oversees Gambari's actions along with the African Union, expressed surprise to Inner City Press once they saw the leaked documents, consisting of a draft letter and “Additional Terms” from Gambari to Bashir's foreign minister Ali Karti.

On the UN plane Thursday to El Fasher from South Sudan, US Ambassador Susan Rice told Inner City Press that she intends to inquire into Gambari's offers about the Kalma Camp Five while in Darfur. This echoed a statement of intention previously issued by another Permanent Member of the Council.

After a closed door meeting with the visiting Security Council members, Gambari and two of his military officials, in uniform, came to see the Press. Gambari called Inner City Press' publication of his draft documents “reprehensible” and told Inner City Press to “be careful... lives are at stake.”  Transcription below.

  Yeah, a witness to Gambari's statements later said, the lives of the Kalma Camp Five are at risk if the UN turns them over to a strongman already indicted for genocide and war crimes. “Is this what the UN should be doing?”

Gambari, Lyall Grant, Susan Rice, Churkin- oversight not seen? (c) MRLee

  Gambari's statements to Inner City Press were caught on video and will soon be published online as such. For now, here is a transcription, prepared late Thursday night at a guest house in El Fasher outside of Gambari's UNAMID compound:

Inner City Press asked Ibrahim Gambari, “What's happen with the Kalma Camp Five that you are considering turning over to the government... or that documents indicate you are considering turning over?”

Gambari answered: “Here is the situation. We have these five sheikhs who have been accused of some very serious offenses. We have no means as UNAMID to try them... Down the line if ever there was a death sentence, the President has the prerogative of mercy. All has been discussed confidentially. I want to say how reprehensible it was that somebody leaked the confidential communication of the government of Sudan...endangering the lives of those in the camps. The recipient of such a leak I think should also think twice about what they do considering that they are endangering the lives.. We've lost 27 peacekeepers between UNAMID and UNMIS, I mean AMIS.”

Inner City Press asked about Abdel Wahid Nur saying that if the Five are turned over, it will make UNAMID complicit in genocide, and that his group would not cooperate with the UN any more.

Gambari responded, “you quote words Abdel Wahid was supposed to have said... I met Khalil Ibrahim yesterday, asked how about how someone said JEM wants Gambari to resign for Tarabat Market. [He said he] ever said that, never authorized this... I want to hear from Abdel Wahid. I've been to Paris twice, I went to Tripoli...What happened in New York I condemn it. Matthew I have known you a long time, you should be careful... You are a recipient of a leaked document... Journalism also is a responsibility. I regard you as a friend, I used to, I regard you as a friend, I am admitting that.”

Of Abdel Wahid Nur, Gambari said: “He wants all issues resolved almost before he comes.”

“Matthew, I'm very angry with you , what are we supposed to do, keep people indefinitely?”

Inner City Press said, “Several Security Council members, when they saw the leaked documents, said they were not aware that you or UNAMID were in such discussions, and some expressed worry. How much is this Mission overseen by the Security Council?”

Gambari said “Ask them. Ask the S-G. I am responsible to two masters. You have the AU and you have the UN. The unity of the international community is key to finding a solution.”

Inner City Press said, as Gambari backed out the door toward his vehicle, “Transparency you can always say is dangerous, but I think it's probably a good thing.”

“No,” Gambari said. “Believe me, lives are at stake.”

Or maybe jobs, a witness to Gambari's statements later said, adding that the lives of the Kalma Camp Five are at risk if the UN turns them over to a strongman already indicted for genocide and war crimes. Among other lives put at risk, without oversight, transparency or explanation. “Is this what the UN should be doing?” Watch this site.

Footnote: it's worth noting that even before Inner City Press obtained and published Gambari's draft letter to Sudan's Ali Karti, Gambari had already expressed anger at Inner City Press' publication of other leaked documents concerning his time as UN envoy to Myanmar.

  That time, before the UN's September 24 high level meeting on Sudan, Gambari didn't argue about lives being at risk. He claimed the documents were “old” (2009) and not newsworthy. “Just leave me alone,” he said, having in the past declined to respond to questions sentto his UN e-mail address by Inner City Press. Now, the claim that lives are put at risk. Is it just opposition to transparency?

Watch this site, follow on Twitter @InnerCityPress.

 Click here for an Inner City Press YouTube channel video, mostly UN Headquarters footage, about civilian deaths in Sri Lanka.

Click here for Inner City Press' March 27 UN debate

Click here for Inner City Press March 12 UN (and AIG bailout) debate

Click here for Inner City Press' Feb 26 UN debate

Click here for Feb. 12 debate on Sri Lanka

Click here for Inner City Press' Jan. 16, 2009 debate about Gaza

Click here for Inner City Press' review-of-2008 UN Top Ten debate

Click here for Inner City Press' December 24 debate on UN budget, Niger

Click here from Inner City Press' December 12 debate on UN double standards

Click here for Inner City Press' November 25 debate on Somalia, politics

and this October 17 debate, on Security Council and Obama and the UN.

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These reports are usually also available through Google News and on Lexis-Nexis.

Click here for a Reuters AlertNet piece by this correspondent about Uganda's Lord's Resistance Army. Click here for an earlier Reuters AlertNet piece about the Somali National Reconciliation Congress, and the UN's $200,000 contribution from an undefined trust fund.  Video Analysis here

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